– Proof-of-Work Proponents Ask Validator Censorship
Prior to The Merge, Ethereum used to have dozens upon dozens of mining pools dedicating hashrate toward the blockchain network. This has changed, and many miners have switched to Ethash compatible coins, such as ethereum classic, ERGO and the new fork ETHW. Now Ethereum blocks are verified by validators and at the time of writing, there are 429,278 validators. However, a great deal of the 13.7 million staked ethereum is held by four known providers.
4 Known Providers Hold 59% of the Staked Ethereum Today
Bitcoin.com News reported on Lido possessing 30% of the staked ether four days ago. On September 15, the Twitter account Checkmate, the lead onchain analyst at Glassnode, wrote about the entities currently holding the lion’s share of today’s staked ETH. “We profiled a few more entities,” Checkmate wrote to someone discussing Lido’s holdings. Checkmate said data shows that there’s 13.7 million staked ETH and 10 million ether is held by known providers. That equates to 73% of the staked ETH, and the top four providers hold 8. 13 million ETH or 59.3% of the aggregate.
“4. 17M in Lido, 1. 92M in Coinbase, 1. 14M in Kraken, [and] 0.9M in Binance,” Checkmate said. The popular bitcoiner Tuur DeMeester, editor at satoshipapers.org, shared the tweet of the Glassnode analyst. “44% of ETH is staked by just 2 entities, Lido [and] Coinbase. Add Kraken, and it jumps to 52% of total ETH staked by 3 entities,” Demeester wrote. The editor also mocked a tweet written by Vitalik Buterin which talks about the idea of having average users validate the system.
SEC Chair Gensler Hints at Taking Another Look at Staking Coins, Jack Dorsey Shares Anti-PoS Editorial, Ethereum Proponents Believe People Are Getting Ahead of Themselves
Gensler spoke recently about how the Howey test and the staking of coins. The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) reported that Gensler said: “From the coin’s perspective … that’s another indicia that under the Howey test, the investing public is anticipating profits based on the efforts of others.” While the WSJ said Gensler remarked that he wasn’t referring to any cryptocurrency in particular, many crypto enthusiasts assumed the SEC chair was discussing ethereum (ETH) and PoS coins.
BREAKING: Gary Gensler says using of Proof-of-Stake could trigger securities laws.
— Dennis Porter (@Dennis_Porter_) September 15, 2022
In mid-August, Coinbase CEO Brian Armstrong was questioned by a user if the exchange would censor at ethereum protocol levels with validators. The user inquired if he would censor at the Ethereum protocol level with his validators.
Armstrong responded three days later and said: “It’s a hypothetical we hopefully won’t actually face. We’d choose (B) if we had to. We need to see the larger picture. There may be some better option (C) or a legal challenge as well that could help reach a better outcome.”
Many people think that validators may be forced to conform with regulations and censorship. With four centralized entities staking the most ethereum (ETH) today, people have concerns about whether or not validators will be centralized and censor transactions. On September 14, Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey shared an editorial published on substack.com that criticizes PoS. The substack.com article is written by Scott Sullivan and it claims that “to be a validator is to live every day walking on [eggshells]” and “PoS is a permissioned system.”
Most of the criticism comes from bitcoiners, who are sometimes called bitcoin maximalists. Ethereum proponents think the idea is absurd and one supporter noted that he would simply jump to an ETH chain that doesn’t censor transactions. Ryan Adams tweeted: “Guys,” “[the U.S. government] doesn’t want to censor [ethereum] validators at the moment. We shouldn’t get ahead of ourselves. But, if they ever do, I’ll be on Ethereum’s fork that doesn’t censor transactions. It’s that simple. Adams explained that Layer 0 is our security level.
Bitcoin supporter and blogger, Eric Wall, published a Twitter thread on September 16 that details in the case of Lido staking, “Lido isn’t even a pool.” Wall further remarks in his thread that “Lido can’t decide what blocks anyone of their underlying node operators mine.” Wall does disclose that he’s an LDO investor, as lido dao (LDO) is the native governance token for the Lido Finance project.
“Lido cannot fire or remove any stake holders. Not more than 13.1% of Lido validators are based in a single country. Wall adds that the geographic distribution is quite impressive.
This story contains tags
Binance, Bitcoiners, Brian Armstrong, Censorship, Centralization, Checkmate, Coinbase, Gary Gensler, glassnode, Glassnode Data, Jack Dorsey, Kraken, Lido, Lido 30%, Major Exchanges, Maximalists, PoS, PoW, Proof-of-Stake, Proof-of-Work (PoW), Ryan Adams, sec chair, Staked Ether, tuur demeester, Validator, Validators
What do you think about the criticism against Ethereum and the validators censoring transactions?
Let us know your thoughts in the comments below.
Jamie Redman, a journalist and financial tech expert living in Florida, is the News Lead at Bitcoin.com News. Redman has been an active member of the cryptocurrency community since 2011. Redman is passionate about Bitcoin, open-source codes, and decentralized applications. Since September 2015, Redman has written more than 6,000 articles for Bitcoin.com News about the disruptive protocols emerging today.
Image Credits: Shutterstock, Pixabay, Wiki Commons, Banteg, Alex Svanevik, Checkmate, Twitter,
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Ethereum’s Layer 2 TVL Nears $30 Billion as ETH-Related Tokens Surge
Ethereum has witnessed a notable surge in the past week as its Layer 2 TVL nears the $30 billion milestone with sustained momentum.
As shown by L2Beat, the cryptocurrency, second only to Bitcoin in market capitalization, has shown an upward trajectory. It is worth highlighting that assets and tokens associated with its ecosystem have also demonstrated positive movements.
Arbitrum Leads Ethereum L2 TVL Surge
Ethereum is up more than 10% over the last week to trade at $3,254, a new multi-month high. The Ethereum L2 TVL has also seen growth, reaching a new peak of $29.60 billion, a 12.08% growth over the last seven days.
Arbitrum takes the lead with 45.18% of the total TVL, representing $13.37 billion, followed by OP Mainnet at 25.55%, or $7.56 billion. Other notable ones were Manta Pacific at $1.89 billion, Starknet at $1.38 billion, and Base at $929 million.
The ongoing surge in the ETH price and the Ethereum L2 TVL could have come from the increasing adoption and use of Layer 2 solutions.
One of the most notable increases was in Mantle, an Ethereum Layer 2 blockchain, which rose over 20% to hit an all-time high of $0.9494. While the price has since consolidated to $0.92, the trading volume is at $254 million, a 50% increase over the last day.
Other L2 solutions such as Cybria, Polygon Ecosystem Token, and Polygon were the biggest gainers, up 14.7%, 4.6%, and 4.75 respectively, according to CoinGecko data.
Ethereum Takes Center Stage
In 2023, Bitcoin outpaced Ethereum regarding price gains with a surge of over 150%, while the latter had only about 90% growth. BTC’s increase at the time came about due to the anticipated spot Bitcoin ETF approvals that would potentially skyrocket capital inflow.
However, as time passes following the approval of the ETFs, the attention is slowing down, and the focus seems to be shifting to Ethereum. The ETH community is looking forward to the launch of spot Ethereum ETFs after several companies applied to provide them following the Bitcoin ETF approval.
Analysts see the ETH ETFs going live in May 2024 since the spot Bitcoin ETFs approval has laid the foundation. Meanwhile, the upcoming Dencun upgrade is coming closer, bringing more positive sentiment.
Currently, Ethereum is trading above $3,254 and the 100-hourly Simple Moving Average. The primary resistance lies around the $3,275 mark, with a notable hurdle near $3,320.
Ethereum Price Surges Past $3k to Hit 96-Week High as eTukTuk Presale Steams Ahead
Ethereum’s (ETH) progress shows no signs of slowing down, shattering investor expectations as it reaches a 96-week high.
ETH is now trading for $3,040, yet rose past $3,100 yesterday before pulling back.
While ETH’s surge grabs the headlines, some investors are keeping an eye on the rising star eTukTuk (TUK) – a disruptive presale project looking to transform transportation in developing countries.
Crypto Whales Stockpile ETH, Fueling Price Surge Past $3,100
Ethereum’s recent rise hasn’t just been down to bullish investor sentiment.
Technical indicators point to underlying strength, with the critical resistance level at $3,000 being breached for the first time since April 2022.
This upward momentum aligns with an eye-catching trend – Ethereum whales have been on an accumulation spree.
Over the weekend, the top holders amassed a staggering 170,000 ETH, worth over $514 million.
This massive vote of confidence signals that whales anticipate further gains, and their buying power is fueling Ethereum’s current surge.
The market is taking notice, with retail investors opting to follow the lead of these whales.
As a result, a self-fulfilling prophecy appears underway, pushing ETH’s price higher.
Analysts are now eyeing a daily close above $3,100, which would strengthen the bull case even more.
However, should ETH struggle to sustain above $3,100, a reversal back to $3,000 could be on the cards.
Grayscale Endorsement Propels Ethereum’s Price Rally
The optimistic outlook from Grayscale’s Will Ogden Moore on Ethereum’s prospects seems to be driving additional demand for ETH.
In his recent blog post, Moore highlighted several key tailwinds for Ethereum, including the upcoming Dencun upgrade in March and the over $2 billion in network revenue generated in 2023.
This vote of confidence from a major research firm and Moore’s emphasis on Ethereum’s maturity appear to be boosting investor sentiment.
Investors seem to be anticipating these upgrades and pricing them into ETH’s current rally.
The potential for an SEC-approved spot Ethereum ETF this year is also providing a positive catalyst for speculation.
With Grayscale giving Ethereum’s evolution a ringing endorsement, it’s adding even more momentum to ETH’s price ascent.
Whether this ascent continues remains to be seen, but with solid technicals and whale backing, the signs look positive for Ethereum.
eTukTuk Rides Bullish Market Sentiment & Raises $1.4 Million in Funding
While Ethereum’s push to 96-week highs dominates social media chatter, it’s not the only project making waves.
The eTukTuk presale is also riding high on bullish sentiment in the crypto market, raising over $1.4 million in funding.
Early investors can purchase TUK tokens for just $0.0272 during the presale – although this price will rise as more funding milestones are met.
The eTukTuk project, aiming to revolutionize transportation with electric tuk-tuks in developing countries, is attracting investors who are eager to support sustainable technology.
Moreover, given that eTukTuk’s unique model also integrates AI to optimize routes and reduce congestion, it could prove genuinely transformational for the communities it serves.
Aside from the environmental benefits, eTukTuk also features a staking protocol where presale participants can immediately begin earning rewards on their TUK tokens.
Yields are currently sitting at 167% per year – and over 30 million TUK tokens have been pledged already.
Additionally, eTukTuk’s roadmap lays out plans to launch TUK on centralized exchanges (CEXs) once the presale ends.
Early investors are already looking forward to these listings, believing they could be the catalyst for a substantial price spike, given eTukTuk’s unique features.
YouTuber Jacob Bury even speculated that TUK’s price could 10x once the token hits the open market.
So, although Ethereum is creating all the headlines, eTukTuk presents a limited-time opportunity for investors seeking exposure to a project with strong long-term potential.
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Reddit Is Invested In Bitcoin and Ethereum, SEC Filing Shows
Social media platform Reddit filed an S-1 registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on Thursday in a bid to go public on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
The filing revealed that the company had invested some of its “excess cash reserves” into multiple cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH).
- According to the filing, the firm also acquired both ETH and one of the network’s layer 2 tokens, Polygon (MATIC), “as a form of payment for sales of certain virtual goods.”
“We also acquired and hold digital assets that are cryptocurrencies for use by our product and engineering teams, which is limited to specific uses,” the company stated.
- As of December 31, the firm clarified that it only held BTC and ETH as crypto assets for treasury purposes. It also said that the net carrying value of its BTC and ETH holdings was, at that time, “immaterial.”
- In the future, Reddit does not intend to invest in other cryptos unless they are identified as likely not being securities by federal regulators.
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